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    Why do Estrogen Levels Rise?

    It is normal for levels of estrogen to rise during puberty because estrogen fuels changes in a young girl’s body. In addition, high levels of estrogen are seen in women who are extremely overweight. Levels are also high in women who have high blood pressure or diabetes. Estrogen levels rise during a healthy pregnancy, and increased estrogen levels may be seen in association with tumors of the ovaries, or adrenal glands. Some drugs can also increase estrogen levels.

    Why do Estrogen Levels Fall?

    There are many reasons why estrogen levels fall, including:

    • -Hypogonadism
    • -Hypopituitarism
    • -Pregnancy failure (estriol)
    • -Perimenopause. Estrogen levels become erratic during perimenopause (also known as pre-menopause) and is essentially absent once menopause is reached. This is a natural transition for all women between ages 40 and 55. The decline in estrogen can happen abruptly in younger women whose ovaries are removed, resulting in so-called surgical menopause.


    What is Perimenopause?

    Perimenopause is the period of transition before menopause. The first natural decline in estrogen levels starts during this phase. Women going through perimenopause may experience weight gain along with other menopause symptoms such as irregular menstrual periods, hot flashes, and vaginal dryness.

    On average, menopause occurs at age 51. When it does, a woman’s body produces less estrogen and progesterone. The drop of estrogen levels at menopause can cause uncomfortable symptoms, including:

    • -Hot flashes
    • -Night sweats
    • -Vaginal dryness or itching
    • -Loss of libido or sex drive
    • -Moodiness and irritability
    • -Depression and anxiety

    Lower levels of estrogen may also increase a woman’s risk for heart disease, stroke and osteoporosis.